WAVEFORM Panel Antenna for T-Mobile Gateway
- Published on: 5/14/2021
- Here is the link to the WAVEFORM website----- https://www.waveform.com/
Looking to get the best possible data rates from your T-Mobile 5G Internet Gateway?
You’ll want to purchase and connect external MIMO antennas to the device’s internal U.FL ports.
Using a MIMO antenna pointed at the nearest tower and this can help you get the fastest 4G LTE and 5G data rates possible.
The T-Mobile 5G Internet Gateway has four internal U.FL ports, which allow for two 2x2 MIMO antennas, or up to a 4x4 MIMO antenna to be connected to the device. Accessing these ports does require some disassembly, but I will walk you through that in the guide below.
Here are the three main ways that external antennas help you increase your data rates:
They Improve Signal Quality
In 4G LTE and 5G networks, signal quality is measured as SINR (Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio) or sometimes as RSRQ (Reference Signal Received Quality).
Improving signal quality has a huge impact on your data rates.
Higher data rates allow your hotspot to communicate using "higher order modulation schemes." That means they can use the same wireless spectrum to send more data per second.
However, there's one big caveat:
In order to improve your signal quality, you need to both aim and shield your outdoor antenna properly. We talk more about this in the next section.
They Allow You To Connect On More Bands
Hotspots like the T-Mobile 5G Internet Gateway support a feature called "carrier aggregation."
Carrier aggregation allows the Gateway to connect on multiple cellular bands simultaneously.
The more bands you're connected on, the greater the bandwidth, and the higher your data rates.
However, many of the higher frequency bands aren't able to penetrate into buildings. Using external antennas allows you to access higher frequency bands, which are often less congested and offer higher speeds than lower frequency bands.
They Increase Your Signal Strength
As you might expect, using outdoor directional antennas can help increase the signal strength.
This helps increase data rates, but only up to a point.
If your signal strength (called "RSRP" in 4G and 5G networks) is stronger than about -100 dBm, stronger signal won't speed up your connection any further.